Information technology project management marchewka pdf

 

    INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY. PROJECT MANAGEMENT. Providing Measurable. Organizational Value. Jack T. Marchewka. Northern Illinois University. By Jack T. Marchewka. Northern Illinois Understand why information technology (IT) projects are Understand the current state of IT project management. PDF | Book by J. T. Marchewka () | ResearchGate, the professional network for scientists.

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    Information Technology Project Management Marchewka Pdf

    Full file at cresalslopebslag.gq Providing-Measurable-Organizational-Value-5th-Edition-Marchew Information. Information technology project management: providing measurable organizational value / Jack T. Marchewka. View the summary of this work. Bookmark. Author: Jack T. Marchewka Pages: Publication Date [PDF] Download Information Technology Project Management, 5th Edition Full.

    On the other hand, lack of user involvement and incomplete requirements appear to be the two main factors for projects being challenged or canceled before completion. Tables 1. First, larger projects report a success rate of only 9 percent and appear to be much more risky than medium and smaller projects. Technology, business models, and cycle times are changing too quickly to develop systems that take much more than a year to complete. This data also supports the need to break up large projects into smaller, more manageable ones that can be completed in less than a year. Companies such as Sears, Roebuck and Co.

    Project integration management is concerned with three areas: Once approved, this estimate becomes the project budget. The Project Management Body of Knowledge PMBOK area called project time management focuses on the processes necessary to develop the project schedule and to ensure that the project is completed on time.

    What is a stakeholder? List and describe the five common phases or stages shared by most projects? The project goal should also answer the question: How will we know if this project is successful given the time, money, and resources invested?

    A project plan defines: In addition, risk, change, and communication among the project stakeholders must be proactively managed throughout the project. While the plan project phase outlines the anticipated or 13 Full file at https: At the end of this phase, the team implements or delivers a completed product, service, or information system to the organization.

    The last phases ensure that all of the work is completed as agreed to by the team, the sponsor, or other stakeholders. In addition, any best practices based on experiences and lessons learned should be documented and made available to future projects. What are project management processes?

    Give one example. Project management processes are an integral component of project management and are concerned with defining and coordinating the activities and controls needed to manage the project.

    They support all of the activities necessary to create and implement the product of the project. Examples include: Describe the five project management process groups. For example, an organization may initiate a project by requiring the development of a business case as part of its project methodology. During this phase, a set of project management processes would define how the project and the first phase of the methodology should be initiated.

    The approval of the business case would then provide an authorization to start another set of processes to begin the second phase of the project methodology. Although all of the phase of the project should have some type of initiating process, the first phase of the project would be the most important.

    Supporting project management processes may include scope planning, activity planning, resource planning, cost estimating, schedule estimating, and procurement planning. The planning process should be in line with the size and complexity of the project—that is, larger, more complex projects may require a greater planning effort than smaller, less complex projects.

    Planning processes are most important during the second phase of the project methodology when planning the project is emphasized. However, planning processes can be important for each phase whereby objectives and activities may need to be defined or refined as new information becomes available.

    In addition, planning is often an iterative process. Or circumstances may arise that warrant changes to the project plan. During the execute and control phase, the SDLC and associated project methodology play an important role in developing the product or system. Project management processes such as quality assurance, risk management, and team development play an important supporting role.

    Although executing processes are part of every project phase, the majority of executing processes will occur during the execute and control phase of the project life cycle. These processes also allow the project manager and team to keep an eye on project variances between actual and planned results so that appropriate corrective actions can be taken when necessary. Supporting project management processes include scope control, change control, schedule control, budget control, quality control, and a communications plan.

    The emphasis of monitoring and controlling processes will occur during the execution and control phase of the IT project methodology. Closure of a project may include processes for contract closure and administrative closure. Contract closure ensures that all of the deliverables and agreed upon terms of the project have been completed and delivered so that the project can end. It allows resources to be reassigned and settlement or 15 Full file at https: Administrative closure, on the other hand, involves documenting and archiving all project documents.

    It also includes processes for evaluating the project in terms of whether it achieved its goal.

    Lessons learned should be documented and made available to other teams. Although each phase must include closing processes, the major emphasis on closing processes will occur during the close project and evaluate project success phases of the project methodology. What are product-oriented processes? Product-oriented processes are those which focus on the tangible results of the project. They require specific domain knowledge, tools, and techniques in order to complete the work.

    An example would be the creation of a software application package. A customer, a senior user, and a senior supplier. Start Project—The first process should be relatively short and focused on developing a project brief or document that provides business justification for the project.

    The Project Board is created and determines whether the project should be commissioned to continue to the next stage. This is more of a basic fact-finding stage, where the organization attempts to determine whether the project is doable and worth doing without spending a great deal of time and money. Initiate Project—The main focus of this process is to develop the project brief into a more detailed business case, which is a key document that lays a foundation for all important project decisions.

    In addition, the project manager documents performance targets for benefits, costs, schedule, quality, scope, and risk in an overall project plan. A work package includes such things as the products to delivered, the people authorized to do the work, constraints, tolerances, as well as the resources and time line for completing the work. This process ensures that the work packages are developed, delivered, and approved as planned. Manage Stage Boundaries—This includes the information or reporting mechanisms the project manager will give to the Project Board in order to review the status of the project and to determine whether continued business justification for the project exists.

    Close Project—This ensures that the project is completed in a controlled manner if the project work is completed as planned or if it is no longer viable. More specifically, activities are defined for the acceptance of the project, as well as for the project manager to archive documents and release project resources.

    Describe the five basic phases in the systems development life cycle. Here a formal planning process ensures that the goal, scope, budget, schedule, technology, and system development processes, methods, and tools are in place. In general, systems analysts will meet with various stakeholders users, managers, customers, etc. This work is done to identify and document any problems or bottlenecks associated with the current system.

    Here the specific needs and requirements for the new system are identified and documented. This architecture includes designing the network, hardware configuration, databases, user interface, and application programs. In addition, training, support, and documentation must be in place.

    Once the system has been implemented, it is said to be in production. Changes to the system, in the form of maintenance and enhancements, are often requested to fix any discovered 17 Full file at https: Support, in terms of a call center or help desk, may also be in place to help users on an as-needed basis. List and describe the four themes or categories of the Agile principles.

    The product or system must be developed with the customer in mind; therefore, the customer and developers must communicate and interact effectively in order to work together collaboratively. The team should be collocated for daily face-to-face communication.

    Although it is important to give customers what they want, it is also important to keep things simple and deliver only the most important features or functionality.

    [PDF] Download Information Technology Project Management 5th Edition…

    Change is not the enemy. It is an opportunity. A team should be given the support and resources it needs and then trusted to get the job done. People who work long hours may burn out, get tired, become less motivated, and tend to make more mistakes.

    A methodology provides a systematic way to plan, manage, and execute projects. True b. Breaking a project down into phases increases the complexity and project risk. Fast tracking is defined as starting the next phase of a project before the current phase is complete. True d. True f. Project management processes include Scope, Schedule, Budget, and Quality. Contract closure ensures that all of the deliverables and agreed upon terms of the project have been completed and delivered.

    True h. True j. Although projects follow a project life cycle, the development of new products, services, or information systems follow a product life cycle. The integration of project management and systems development activities is one important component that distinguishes IT projects form other types of projects a. Waterfall is an iterative development approach while Agile is a structured development approach.

    The four phases of a learning cycle include: Understand and frame the problem, plan, act, reflect and learn. The Project Management Body of Knowledge a is a method of ensuring project success. Project Human Resource Management a focuses on creating and developing the project team.

    Initiating processes: a Signal the beginning of the project or phase. Planning processes: a Signal the beginning of the project or phase. Executing processes: a Signal the beginning of the project or phase.

    Information Technology Project Management: Providing Measurable Organizational Value, 5th Edition

    Monitoring and controlling processes: a Signal the beginning of the project or phase. Closing processes: a Signal the beginning of the project or phase. What are the advantages of having and following a project methodology? Hopefully, previous successes can be repeated.

    Describe project integration management and its relationship to the other eight Project Management Body of Knowledge areas. Ans: Project integration management is one of the most important Project Management Body of Knowledge areas.

    It coordinates and integrates the other knowledge areas and all of the project processes. Once approved, this estimate becomes the project budget.

    Ans: The Project Management Body of Knowledge PMBOK area called project time management focuses on the processes necessary to develop the project schedule and to ensure that the project is completed on time. What is a stakeholder? List and describe the five common phases or stages shared by most projects? The project goal should also answer the question: How will we know if this project is successful given the time, money, and resources invested?

    In addition, risk, change, and communication among the project stakeholders must be proactively managed throughout the project. At the end of this phase, the team implements or delivers a completed product, service, or information system to the organization. The last phases ensure that all of the work is completed as agreed to by the team, the sponsor, or other stakeholders. In addition, any best practices based on experiences and lessons learned should be documented and made available to future projects.

    What are project management processes? Give one example. Ans: Project management processes are an integral component of project management and are concerned with defining and coordinating the activities and controls needed to manage the project. They support all of the activities necessary to create and implement the product of the project. Describe the five project management process groups. For example, an organization may initiate a project by requiring the development of a business case as part of its project methodology.

    During this phase, a set of project management processes would define how the project and the first phase of the methodology should be initiated. The approval of the business case would then provide an authorization to start another set of processes to begin the second phase of the project methodology. Although all of the phase of the project should have some type of initiating process, the first phase of the project would be the most important. Supporting project management processes may include scope planning, activity planning, resource planning, cost estimating, schedule estimating, and procurement planning.

    The planning process should be in line with the size and complexity of the project—that is, larger, more complex projects may require a greater planning effort than smaller, less complex projects.

    Planning processes are most important during the second phase of the project methodology when planning the project is emphasized. However, planning processes can be important for each phase whereby objectives and activities may need to be defined or refined as new information becomes available. In addition, planning is often an iterative process. Or circumstances may arise that warrant changes to the project plan.

    During the execute and control phase, the SDLC and associated project methodology play an important role in developing the product or system. Project management processes such as quality assurance, risk management, and team development play an important supporting role. Although executing processes are part of every project phase, the majority of executing processes will occur during the execute and control phase of the project life cycle.

    These processes also allow the project manager and team to keep an eye on project variances between actual and planned results so that appropriate corrective actions can be taken when necessary.

    Information Technology Project Management: Providing Measurable Organizational Value, 5th Edition

    Supporting project management processes include scope control, change control, schedule control, budget control, quality control, and a communications plan. The emphasis of monitoring and controlling processes will occur during the execution and control phase of the IT project methodology. Closure of a project may include processes for contract closure and administrative closure.

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